Romania

The principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia - for centuries under the suzerainty of the Turkish Ottoman Empire - secured their autonomy in 1856; they were de facto linked in 1859 and formally united in 1862 under the new name of Romania. The country gained recognition of its independence in 1878. It joined the Allied Powers in World War I and acquired new territories - most notably Transylvania - following the conflict. In 1940, Romania allied with the Axis powers and participated in the 1941 German invasion of the USSR. Three years later, overrun by the Soviets, Romania signed an armistice. The post-war Soviet occupation led to the formation of a communist "people's republic" in 1947 and the abdication of the king. The decades-long rule of dictator Nicolae CEAUSESCU, who took power in 1965, and his Securitate police state became increasingly oppressive and draconian through the 1980s. CEAUSESCU was overthrown and executed in late 1989. Former communists dominated the government until 1996 when they were swept from power. Romania joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.

the ICJ ruled largely in favor of Romania in its dispute submitted in 2004 over Ukrainian-administered Zmiyinyy/Serpilor (Snake) Island and Black Sea maritime boundary delimitation; Romania opposes Ukraine's reopening of a navigation canal from the Danube border through Ukraine to the Black Sea

General information on Romanian visas and conditions of travelling to Romania

A visa is a document that enables the holder to report to any Romanian border checkpoint and to require either transit through or a short stay on the Romanian territory. The border checkpoint officers will demand proof that the general conditions of entry and stay on the Romanian territory are met as provided by law. Should those conditions not be met, aliens will not be allowed to enter the Romanian territory, although they might have previously obtained a Romanian visa. According to the provisions of GO 194/2002 concerning the regime of aliens in Romania, republished as subsequently amended, the Romanian visa is granted by Romanian diplomatic and consular missions abroad.

Types of visas granted and issued by the Romanian state:

There are other and different types of visas granted to the foreign national when the first enter to romania.

  1. The airport transit visa (marked A) allows the access into and stay in the international area of an airport until boarding the plane to the country of destination;
  2. The transit visa (marked B) allows access on the territory of Romania, for the purpose of transit, for a duration of at the most 5 days;
  3. The short-stay visa (marked C) allows entry and a short stay of aliens on the territory of Romania for no more than 90 days within an interval of maximum 6 months from the date of entry (in the case of a multiple-entry visa, the duration of the stay will be taken into account from the date of the first entry). The Romanian short-stay visa is granted for the following purposes: official government mission, tourism, business, private visit, transportation, participation in sports activities, as well as cultural, scientific or academic events. In the case of a holder of a short-stay visa, the stay right cannot be extended.
  4. The long-stay visa (marked D) allows the entry and stay of aliens on the territory of Romania for a period of 90 days at the most, for the following purposes: economic activities, professional activities, commercial activities (such as investment), religious or humanitarian activities, work, studying, family reunification, as well as research. The right of stay in this case is of 90 days; however, this type of visa allows for its prolongation following an official request addressed to the Romanian Office for Immigration which is part of the Romanian Ministry of Administration and Interior. The requests for the extension of the right of stay must be personally submitted by the applicants, at the local branch-offices of the Romanian Office for Immigration closest to their place of residence, at least 30 days before expiry of the stay right granted by the visa. Overstaying the visa entails cancellation of the visa and the obligation of leaving the territory of Romania.

Important Information

Short-stay and transit visas can be exceptionally granted by border checkpoint officers, at the Romanian border checkpoints, according to the provisions of Council Regulation (EC) 810/2009 of the European Parliament and Council of 13 July 2009 on the issue of establishing a Community Code of Visas (the Visa Code) and of Regulation (EC) no. 562/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council, establishing a Community Code on the rules governing the free movement of persons across borders (Schengen Borders Code) published in the Official Journal of the European Union L/105 of 13 April 2006.

The right of stay on the territory of Romania, granted to aliens under a short-stay visa, cannot be extended.

The purpose of the trip to Romania undertaken by aliens on the basis of a short-stay visa cannot be altered during their stay on the territory of Romania.

The long-stay visa shall only be granted with the approval of the Ministry of Administration and Interior – the Romanian Office for Immigration.

Aliens having entered the territory of Romania with a long-stay visa may apply for the extension of the right of temporary residence and obtain a residence permit. The request filed in this respect must be addressed to the Romanian Office for Immigration within the Romanian Ministry of Administration and Interior. All aliens requiring a Romanian visa shall attach to the duly filled-in and signed application form a valid travel document, acknowledged by the state of Romania, to which the visa sticker may applied as well as all the documents required under the law to attest the stated purpose of the trip, the duration of the stay, financial means for the stay, as well as the possibility for the aliens to return to their home country or continue the trip to a third state, upon the end of their stay in Romania. As to the states or territorial authorities that are not acknowledged by Romania, visas shall be granted at request, on uniform forms, regulated by the Government Emergency Ordinance No. 94/2008 on establishing measures regarding the issue of electronic passports and of other travel documents.

Who can apply for a Romanian visa and where should they do it? ​

Categories of third-country nationals who can apply for Romanian visas:

  1. nationals of the state of residence;
  2. third-country nationals who have their domicile or residence in the state where the diplomatic mission or consulate of Romania is located and who can make the proof of their legal status in that country;
  3. nationals of states where Romania is not represented by a diplomatic mission or a career consulate;
  4. in cases of great emergency, third-country nationals temporarily and legally residing on the territory of the state where a diplomatic mission or consulate of Romania is located

How Long Does it Take to Process a Romania Visa?

The time it takes for a Romania visa to be processed may be between 10-14 days working days or longer. The Romania visa processing time depends on the specific case. As such, the Romanian immigration authorities advice that you apply at least 2 weeks before you intend to travel, but not earlier than three months. If you are applying for a long-stay visa, you should apply a minimum of 45 days before you intend to travel

How Much is the Romania Visa Fee?

When you submit your visa application at the Romanian consulate or diplomatic mission, you must also pay a non-refundable Romania visa processing fee. The fees for a Romania visa are as follows:

  1. Short-Stay Visa: €80
  2. Long-Stay Visa: €120
  3. Airport Transit Visa: €80
  4. Transit Visa: €80

Is Romania Part of Schengen?

No, Romania is not currently part of the Schengen Area, which ecompasses 26 European countries that have established visa and border control-free travel between them. However Romania, along with Bulgaria, Cyprus, and Croatia, is set to join the Schengen Agreement in the near future. These four countries (Romania, Bulgaria, Cyprus, and Croatia) however, do allow visa holders to travel among them, even if they only have a visa for one of the countries.

What Are the Documents Required for a Romania Visa?

The standard list of Romania visa requirements is as follows:

  1. A Romania visa application form, which you can download from the website of the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The application form has to be completed in typed letter and signed. For minors: The parent/s or legal guardian/s who have custody over the minor have to sign the application form.
  2. Two recent pictures which are in line with Romania visa photo requirements (see below).
  3. A valid passport or travel document, which: Is recognized by Romania, Is valid for at least another three months after your visa expires, Was issued in the previous ten years, Has at least two blank pages where the Romania consular staff can affix your visa.
  4. Travel medical insurance which is valid in the EU and covers at least €30,000 of medical emergencies.
  5. Proof of sufficient financial means to cover the duration of your stay in Romania. You must have at least €50 per day, but no less than €500 overall (or its equivalent in your country’s currency)., You may submit proof of financial means through official bank statements., If you are travelling as part of an organized tour or group and have pre-paid accommodation and services in Romania, you can submit that as part of proof of financial means.
  6. Proof of accommodation in Romania, whether that’s reservation in a hotel, a letter of invitation from a family member/friend, or other means of accommodation.
  7. Your flight ticket. If you are driving there, submit your driving license, green card and your vehicle’s registration.
  8. Any additional documents which correspond to the purpose of your travel.

Romania C Visa Requirements

Foreign nationals who want to stay in Romania for up to 90 days for tourism, business, or private visit purposes (among others) need a Romanian short-stay visa. To apply for a Romanian short-stay visa, you need the standard set of documents along with specific documents related to your purpose of travel, such as:

  1. Letter of invitation from a Romanian company, if you are travelling for business purposes.
  2. Letter of invitation from the event organizers, if you are travelling for a sports event.
  3. Any other documents which are specific to your purpose of travel.

Can You Enter the Schengen Area With a Romania Visa?

No, since Romania is not part of the Schengen Agreement yet, a Romanian visa does not allow the holder to travel to or enter any country in the Schengen Zone. A Romania visa only allows the holder to enter and stay in Romania or Bulgaria, Cyprus and Croatia, under the conditions of Decision No 565/2014/EU of the European Parliament.

Can You Enter Romania if You Have a Schengen Visa?

Yes, the Romanian government allows the holder of a valid Schengen visa to enter Romania, provided that the Schengen visa is still valid and has at least two more entries. You can only stay in Romania with a Schengen visa for the time that the visa is issued for or the time you have left. You can also enter Romania if you already have a valid visa that was issued by Bulgaria, Cyprus or Croatia, under the conditions of Decision No 565/2014/EU of the European Parliament.

Romania Long Stay D Visas

Foreign nationals who want to travel to Romania for a period longer than 90 days must apply for a Romania long-stay visa. There are different types of Romania long-stay visas, which differ depending on the purpose of travel. However the most common are:

  1. The Romania work visa
  2. The Romania study visa
  3. The Romania family reunification visa

Do I need a Romania long-stay visa?

Every foreign national who wants to stay in Romania for longer than 90 days has to apply for a Romania long-stay visa, except EU/EEA and Swiss nationals. This also includes the foreign nationals from countries exempt from holding short-stay visas.

Romania Work Visa

A Romania work visa, also known as a Romanian Employment Visa (D/AM), is issued to foreign nationals who will travel to Romania to take up paid employment in a Romanian company. To get a Romania work visa, you must have a work permit from the Romanian Inspectorate General for Immigration. It is your employer in Romania who applies for a work permit on your behalf.

After you receive a work permit, you may apply for the Romania work visa from your country.

Romania work visa eligibility

To be eligible for a Romania work visa, you must fall under one of the following categories:

  1. You will conduct educational, scientific, or any other type of specialized work in an accredited Romanian institution
  2. You are a highly-skilled worker
  3. You will work as part of a bilateral agreement
  4. You will work on the basis of the order of the minister of national education
  5. The work you will do is artistic in nature and done on the basis of the order of the minister of culture
  6. You have access to the Romania labour market due to a treaty between Romania and your country
  7. You will work in behalf of a ministry or other organization of the central public or local administration.
  8. You will work as the head of a subsidiary office or the Romanian branch office of a company that’s headquartered abroad.

Romania work visa requirements

To apply for a Romania work visa, you must have the following:

  1. Work Authorization, obtained from your employer at the Inspectorate General for Immigration in Romania.
  2. After you receive work authorization, you have to apply for the Romania work visa at a Romanian diplomatic mission or consulate within 60 days.
  3. Documents regarding the nature of your employment.
  4. Certificate of police clearance issued from your country of residence.
  5. Travel medical insurance for the duration that your visa is issued for.
  6. Proof of accommodation in Romania
  7. Proof of sufficient financial means, ensuring you will receive at least the minimum gross salary for the duration of your work visa.
  8. A Romania visa application form, which you can download from the website of the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The application form has to be completed in typed letter and signed.
  9. A valid passport or travel document, which:
  10. Two recent pictures which are in line with Romania visa photo requirements.3cm x 4cm where your face takes up 70% – 80% of the picture

What If I Want To Stay in Romania for More than 90 Days?

Anyone who wants to travel to Romania to stay for a period longer than 90 days, has to apply for a Romania long stay visa, except EU/EEA/Swiss nationals.

Romania Study Visa

The Romania Study Visa (D/SD) is issued to foreign nationals who want to travel to Romania to pursue their studies in a Romanian educational institution. Additionally, it is also for researchers, students on exchange programs or educational projects, or participants in an unpaid training program.

To apply for a Romania study visa, you must first obtain authorization to study from the Romanian Ministry of Education.A Romania study visa allows you to work for up to four hours a day (part-time) without having to obtain a separate work permit.

Romania study visa requirements

When applying for a Romania study visa, you must have the following documents:

  1. Proof of acceptance for studying issued by the Romania Ministry of Education
  2. Proof you have paid the tuition fee for at least one academic year
  3. Proof of financial support, proving you are able to maintain yourself for the duration of your stay. Financial requirements are for at least the minimum guaranteed gross salary.
  4. Certificate of police clearance from your country.
  5. Travel medical insurance covering the entire duration of your stay.
  6. Proof of accommodation in Romania for the duration of your stay.
  7. If you are underage: Consent from your parent or legal guardian to live in Romania for the purpose of studying.
  8. If you are taking part in an unpaid training program:
  9. The professional training agreement, stating the description and duration of the training as well as the legal relationship between you and your host.
  10. A written statement from the host that guarantees they are responsible for your the cost of your repatriation should you overstay your visa
  11. Proof you have either finished a higher education course within the two years prior to the application or that you are currently in on-going studies.
  12. A Romania visa application form, which you can download from the website of the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The application form has to be completed in typed letter and signed.
  13. A valid passport or travel document, which:
  14. wo recent pictures which are in line with Romania visa photo requirements. 3cm x 4cm where your face takes up 70% – 80% of the picture Taken on a white background

How Can I Apply for a Romania Long-stay Visa?

The Romania visa application process is divided into two parts, the online application and in-person application, and it goes as follows:

  1. Submit a Romania eVisa application, attaching the electronic copies of all the required documents.
  2. Submit the originals of the required documents at a Romanian diplomatic mission.
  3. Wait for your application to be validated.
  4. Appear at the diplomatic mission again on the date of your appointment.
  5. Pay the Romania visa fee. It costs €120 to apply for a Romania long stay visa.
  6. Wait for your application to be processed. You can check the progress on the online application tool.
  7. Once your application is processed and approved, the Romanian diplomatic mission staff will inform you of the decision and when you can receive your passport with the visa.

Romania Residence Permit

In order to be allowed to stay in Romania for longer than 90 days, every foreigner has to obtain a Romania residence permit.However, before you apply for a Romanian residence permit, you have to fulfill several requirements. You can only get a residence permit after you are already in Romania, which means there are prerequisites you must go through to travel to Romania in the first place.

Who Needs a Romania Residence Permit?

Everyone who enters Romania with the purpose of remaining for longer than 90 days has to get a residence permit.Even citizens of a European Union, European Economic Area, or Switzerland need a residence permit, although the process for obtaining it is much more simplified than it is for non-EU/EEA/Swiss citizens.

What are the Requirements for a Romania Residence permit?

The requirements for obtaining a Romania residence permit change depending on the reason you want to live there.If you have travelled to Romania because you’re obtained a Romania work visa, to receive a residence permit you must submit the following documents:

  1. The residence permit application form
  2. Your original passport or other travel documents and a photocopy
  3. Proof of accommodation in Romania (legal ownership) – original and a copy.
  4. Your employment contract
  5. A statement regarding your salary
  6. A medical certificate issued by any public or private sanitary institution declaring that you do not suffer from any disease that are a threat to public health.
  7. A medical certificate issued by any public or private sanitary institution declaring that you do not suffer from any disease that are a threat to public health.

Duration and Extension of the Romania Residence Permit

Yes, you can apply for an extension of your Romanian residence permit. You have to apply for an extension at the local office of the General Inspectorate for Immigration at least three months before expiry of your current permit.The duration of the Romanian residence permit depends on the type.For example, a residence permit for employment A residence permit for family reunification is granted for the same duration as the residence permit of the sponsor. If the sponsor is a Romanian citizen, the residence permit is issued for up to five years. purposes is issued for the duration of the work contract, plus an additional three months. However, it cannot be for longer than three years.A residence permit for studying purposes may be granted for up to a year.A residence permit for family reunification is granted for the same duration as the residence permit of the sponsor. If the sponsor is a Romanian citizen, the residence permit is issued for up to five years.

What is the Romania long-stay visa processing time?

The processing time of your Romanian long-stay visa depends on several factors, such as the diplomatic mission you’re applying from, your specific circumstances etc. However, you are advised to apply at least 45 days before the time you intend to travel to Romania.The processing time of your Romanian long-stay visa depends on several factors, such as the diplomatic mission you’re applying from, your specific circumstances etc. However, you are advised to apply at least 45 days before the time you intend to travel to Romania.

Romania Long-term Residence Permit

You can apply for a Romanian long-term residence permit after you have lived in Romania with a temporary residence permit for at least five years. During these five years, you cannot have been outside Romania for longer than six months.

However, not all types of temporary residence permits are eligible to be converted into a long-term residence permit. If you have lived in Romania for one of the following purposes, you cannot apply for a Romanian long-term residence permit, even if you have reached the required minimum of five years:

  1. As an international student.
  2. As an asylum seeker or on humanitarian grounds.
  3. As a seasonal worker or an au pair worker.

How to Apply for a Romanian Long-term Residence Permit

To get a Romania long-term residence permit, you must first request the right to live in Romania long-term from the General Inspectorate for Immigration in your county. If they approve your request, you must submit the following documents:

  1. Application form for Romanian long-term residence permit
  2. The original and a photocopy of your passport or other travel document
  3. Proof of accommodation in Romania, the original and a copy
  4. Proof of sufficient financial means (except in the case of family members of Romanian citizens)
  5. Proof of social health insurance in Romania
  6. Certificate of police clearance issued by the Romanian authorities
  7. Any required civil status documents

Keep in mind:

This is not an exhaustive list of requirements for Romanian residence permits – it is merely a guide. Before applying check for the complete requirements with the Romanian immigration authorities in your place of residence in Romania.

Romania Visa Exemptions

Additionally, you do not need to apply for a Romania short-stay visa (up to 90 days) if you fall under one of the following categories:

  1. You have a valid short-stay visa, long-stay visa, or residence permit issued by a Schengen member state.*
  2. You have a valid short-stay visa, long-stay visa, or residence permit issued by Bulgaria, Cyprus or Croatia.*
  3. You have a valid long-term resident’s EC residence permit issued by an EU member country.
  4. You have a valid permanent residence permits issued by the UK or Ireland which is valid for at least five years.
  5. You are a non-EU family member of a Romanian, EU, EEA, or Swiss citizen. This only includes the spouse, children under 21, and parents who are dependent on the EU, EEA, or Swiss citizen.
  6. You are only allowed to stay in Romania for the remainder of the validity of your current Schengen/Bulgaria/Cyprus/Croatia visa. For example, if your visa was issued for 20 days, and you spend 10 of them elsewhere, you may only spend the remaining 10 in Romania.

What Should I do After I get a Romania Work/Study/Family Visa?

After entering the country on a Romania long-stay visa, you have to request permission for an extended stay in the country and apply for a Romanian residence permit.After entering the country on a Romania long-stay visa, you have to request permission for an extended stay in the country and apply for a Romanian residence permit.